It likely starts when you first notice some red in your toothpaste. You look in the mirror and notice that your gums are bleeding, but don’t think much of it. However, you absolutely should be. Bleeding gums are indicative of bacteria, which can eventually lead to periodontal disease. Once advanced periodontal disease occurs, only dental implants will be able to save your smile.
What Is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is the result of bacteria. Bacteria, when not eliminated, forms plaque in your mouth. Eventually, plaque can spread beneath your gum line, causing your gums to become inflamed. If this inflammation is bad enough, your gums will swell to the point that they detach from the tooth. This results in a pocket between your tooth and the gum, which promotes further bacteria accumulation. As the bacteria continues to rapidly build, it attacks the periodontal ligament and alveolar bone, causing your teeth to loosen and fall out. Once your teeth have fallen out, dental implants will be necessary to restore functioning teeth.
How Can You Prevent Periodontal Disease?
The best way to prevent the disease is by practicing good oral hygiene. You should brush and floss daily, preventing plaque from accumulating within your teeth. It is also recommended that you have your teeth cleaned by a dental professional every few months, ensuring that the bacteria in your mouth is removed and preventing possible dental implants in the future.
It is possible that your genes make you more susceptible to periodontal disease. You should talk with your dental professional and members of your family to see if this is the case. Although it may be hereditary, it does not automatically mean that you will have periodontal disease. It simply means that you will need to work harder to maintain proper oral hygiene and a clean mouth.
Having misaligned or crowded teeth can also encourage periodontal disease. These instances can make brushing and cleaning more difficult, which therefore encourages plaque buildup. Contacting your cosmetic dentist could help you achieve a straighter, healthier smile.